eye test

While there are no recognised ways to prevent glaucoma, blindness or significant vision loss from glaucoma can be prevented if diagnosed earlier. The ‘primary open-angle glaucoma’ is prevalent and the vision loss is slow, silent and progressive starting from peripheral vision loss to central vision loss.

We still feel, glaucoma can be prevented with utmost care to your eyes and health through proper practices including the following:

1. Regular eye check up:

It is recommended that you go for an annual eye check up. Any sort of corrective measure is easy if diagnosed at an early stage.

eye test

2. Eye health history of the family:

Certain health issues may run in your family, it is recommended that you keep the family health history in mind during the diagnostics.

eye health of family

3. Exercise safely:

Exercising regularly is a very healthy habit. Certain exercises are a strain to your eyes which you must be careful while doing it.

exercise safely

4. Consume eye drops and medicines only as prescribed:

Self medication off Google might be cool. But has adversities if not diagnosed properly before administering. It is always recommended that you meet a specialist in person than virtual.

eye drops

5. Protect your eye on sensitive exposures:

While at work in front of computer, or in front of the sun rays or in a workshop, it is very important to make sure there isn’t much strain for your eyes!

protect eye

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First things first, think beyond carrots. See more than just carrots. Improve your vision. Fact is, carrots are so yesterday. It’s high time we all looked beyond carrots when it comes to foods that are good for the eyes. See more than just carrots, and you’ll see so many other foods that can help you see better. Without further ado, let’s see what we mean.

Go greens

They’re packed with lutein and zeaxanthin—antioxidants that, studies show, lower the risk of developing macular degeneration and cataracts.


The yolk is a prime source of lutein and zeaxanthin—plus zinc, which also helps reduce your macular degeneration risk, according to Paul Dougherty, MD, medical director of Dougherty Laser Vision in Los Angeles. And, no, the yolk, in moderation, is not bad for you.

Citrus is berry good

Citrus fruits, berries are powerhouses of vitamin C, which has been shown to reduce the risk of developing macular degeneration and cataracts.

Nuts about almonds

They’re filled with vitamin E, which slows macular degeneration, research shows. One handful (an ounce) provides about half of your daily dose of E.

Oh, fish

Tuna, salmon, mackerel, anchovies and trout are rich in DHA, a fatty acid found in your retina—low levels of which have been linked to dry eye syndrome, says Jimmy Lee, MD, director of refractive surgery at Montefiore Medical Center, in New York City.

The whole truth

A diet containing foods with a low glycemic index (GI) can help reduce your risk for age-related macular degeneration. Swap refined carbohydrates for quinoa, brown rice, whole oats and whole-wheat breads and pasta. The vitamin E, zinc and niacin found in whole grains also help promote overall eye health.

Colorific diet

Colorful Foods such as carrots, tomatoes, bell peppers, strawberries, pumpkin, corn and cantaloupe are excellent sources of vitamins A and C. The carotenoids — the compounds that give these fruits and vegetables their yellow, orange and red pigments — are thought to help decrease the risk of many eye diseases.


Yes, beef – as long as it’s not banned. Lean beef, in moderation, can boost your eye health. Beef contains zinc, which helps your body absorb vitamin A and may play a role in reducing risk of advanced age-related macular degeneration.

Final food for thought

Apart from eating right, it also helps to get your eyes checked once in six months. They won’t cost you anything. On the contrary, they’ll add years to your eyes. Bon appétit and see you soon.

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It’s that time of the year again, from the looks of it. The Times of India on November 4 reported an outbreak of Madras Eye in Bangalore. Here’s an excerpt from the report by Sumitha Rao, “There’s an unofficial red-eye alert in the city. Doctors have confirmed a sharp rise in cases of viral conjunctivitis, commonly called ‘Madras Eye’, across Bengaluru. And what is unprecedented is entire families being affected simultaneously, say doctors.”

As vigilant guardians of eyes, this got us thinking. And we thought it’s time to take a closer look at Madras Eye – just so we all know a bit more about this annual visit, apart from the all-important how to avoid this unusually-named eyesore.

Google ‘Madras Eye’ and this is what you get at the top of the page: Madras Eye is an inflammation of the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids called conjunctiva. It is most commonly due to viral infection and is contagious.

Then, a little lower down the page, the wiki page is about Conjunctivities. How and why, then, did Conjunctivitis end up being called Madras Eye? For instance, is it known as, say, Mumbai Eye in Mumbai? Delhi Eye in Delhi? Ranchi Eye in Ranchi? And…you get the drift. Incidentally, doesn’t Madras Eye sound like the name of a crusading newspaper or a detective agency or some such thing investigative? How on earth did it end up with conjunctivitis? This needed to be investigated.

Why, why, why Madras Eye

So, here’s what we came up with, with a little help from Google: It is said that the name “madras eye” originated when the adenovirus, a virus that causes conjunctivitis, was first identified in Chennai (Madras), India. This name became more popular in 1990s when a film titled MADRAS EYE was released.
Link to film: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0385071/

We weren’t convinced. This needed to be investigated further.

This is what else we dug up: Conjuctivitis occurs usually in extreme heat and humid conditions and is contagious. During the summer vacation, when Indian tourists visit the south, particularly Madras, they often get this ailment as they are unaccustomed to such heat and humidity. That’s why the ailment is called ‘Madras eye’. However, conjuctivitis is also common in other hot places in India (and abroad). Interestingly, in Delhi, it is called ‘Bombay eye’.

— S. Sundararajan, Navi Mumbai, July 13, 2003

Nope. That certainly didn’t cut the mustard. We needed a better source. We needed to be absolutely sure.

Look what we found: Madras eye is conjunctivitis. Also known as pink eye, it occurs when the eyelid and the eye surface are swollen and become red due to a viral infection. More importantly, how did the name Madras eye come about? Well, it originated because the adenovirus, which causes Madras eye, was first identified in Madras in 1918. This we found in The Hindu. Enough said.

How to bust the Madras Eye*

“Conjunctivitis is viral in nature and has become seasonal. In cold weather, the adenovirus multiplies rapidly, and the public should take precautions,” Dr. P. V. Nanda Kumar Reddy, Superintendent, S.D. Eye Hospital, Hyderabad.
Ophthalmologists point out that like common cold, which usually runs its course around winter time for three to four days, viral conjunctivitis, too, hits and runs its course for between a week and 10 days.
Patients with red eyes and swollen eyelids and watering, irritation, mild pain and discomfort in the eyes should visit an eye specialist immediately, as, on occasions, conjunctivitis is known to damage the cornea.
Patients should avoid touching their eyes and shaking hands and sharing towels with infected persons.
Owing to the contagious nature of the infection, patients must wear dark glasses, besides staying away from public places to prevent it from spreading.
Though some people suggest that pink eye can spread by merely being in a room with a person whose eyes are affected by the condition, this is untrue.
Conjunctivitis spreads through secretions from the eye. Thus, if a person touches his/her eye, he/she can pass on the infective virus or bacteria to another person or object that comes in contact with the secretion.

Wash your hands with soap and water at times of an epidemic. Carry an alcohol-based sanitizer with you to use when you do not have access to soap and water.

Avoid touching your eyes with your hand or any object like a handkerchief.

Do not share eye makeup or eye medicines.

Wash your eyes regularly and wipe with a disposable tissue. After that, immediately sterilize your hands. Do not leave the tissue lying around.

Avoid going to your place of work or school till you recover completely.
Any linen that you use like towels, bed sheets and pillow covers should be washed with hot water and detergent.

Do not wear contact lenses or any eye or face makeup.
Avoid going to the swimming pool or using the gym or other equipment that are used commonly by other people.
Sterilize eyeglasses and contact lenses once you recover from the condition.
If only one eye is affected, avoid touching the other eye.
Apply a warm or cold compress to the affected eye to sooth it. And do not forget to wash your hands after that.
Do not forget to visit a doctor as soon as symptoms set in to control the infection. The doctor will prescribe eye drops; do not share these with anyone.

*Sources: Google, The Hindu and Medindia

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